Judith Carroll & Co

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ulster 3The Anglo-Normans had a major impact on the country, in particular in the south and east of the country and in relation to the development of the border area. Their mottes and later structures are distributed widely in the areas they conquered. Later, defensive castles were built to defend their territories, and in many areas to defend the Pale from the land beyond the border, as will be shown.

The plantation of the border counties took place by Scottish and English settlers, a large percentage of which were Presbyterian in the 17th century. Towns and the linen industry developed throughout the 17th and 18th centuries and Presbyterian meetinghouses were built mainly during the 18th and 19th centuries. Other buildings such as Orange Lodges are a feature of this culture. Large estates evolved in the 18th and 19th century, held by mainly the Protestant gentry. During the Second World War, the six northern counties, as part of the United Kingdom prepared for defence and several features such as pill boxes and concrete bunkers still remain.

In later years, the north's well known troubles developed and fortified British Army structures were built on the crossing points between the Republic and the United kingdom and as well as in many 'hotspots' around the border areas. These are being dismantled at present but several army structures remain in place.

Photographs and descriptions of the sites illustrating the rich history and archaeology of the border counties of Louth, Monaghan and the southern parts of Armagh and Down are given both in the website www.borderlands-ireland.com.




Judith Carroll & Co Ltd
Archaeological Consultants
Ballybrack Road 
Dublin 18 

Tel: 01 6705067
Mobile: 087-9968819/ 087-3810933
Email: info@judithcarrollandco.ie
Website: www.judithcarrollandco.ie

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