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Canada House, 65-68 St Stephen's Green, Dublin 2

Excavation Licence no. 14E0001, 2014




Canada House was built in 1970 by Tyndall Hogan and Hurley Architects, replacing a set of four originally early Georgian houses which were demolished at the time. The building is on the Stephen’s Green/Earlsfort Terrace juncture. It fronts onto Stephen’s Green South and Earlsfort Terrace on its east side. The site, comprising nos. 65-68, Stephen’s Green, is originally an early 18th century lot consisting of four houses and actually retains its original dimensions and boundaries. An assessment report by Judith Carroll and Company was carried out during September 2013 and gave details of the historical/ archaeological background to examine the archaeological potential of the site and to assess the likely impact of the development on archaeological remains. This was forwarded to Dublin City Council and was also part of the licence application for monitoring of the site. In the area of the south boundary wall it was noted that the (now culverted) River Steine ran east west to the south of the properties, directly to the south of the south boundary wall.

From records, the properties, nos. 65-68 are likely to date to the late 17th century at the earliest. This area of south Stephen’s Green was mainly developed first in the early 18th century. The south boundary wall is therefore likely to have been first built in the earliest part of the 18th century.

Monitoring commenced at 65-68 Stephen’s Green, Dublin 2, during development on the site of the former Canada House, on 08 April 2014.






During archaeological monitoring on the 9th April, the south boundary wall was noticed and it was observed that there were features in the wall suggesting windows at some point. The west 13 metres of the wall running through the south end of properties nos. 65-68 Stephen’s Green was exposed and drawn to reveal the features appearing in it.

The features would suggest that there were two windows on the west side of the wall as viewed on its north-facing elevation. The arrangement of brick suggested that the east window had been replaced by a smaller on at some stage.  This would suggest that there were outhouses, perhaps coach houses or stables or even lavatories at the back of some of the houses for a period of time. Their date is unknown, but the fact that there was a pair of windows and no door, etc, would suggest that the building faced into the gardens. The windows would appear to have been made by inserting holes in the original stone boundary wall and building in brick windows, the outlines of which can be seen in brick. Then, when the outhouses or stables/sheds were dismantled, the window gaps were filled with stone rubble.  It is unclear whether the ‘outbuildings’ belonged to no. 67 or no. 68 or whether one belonged to each. None of the Ordnance survey maps from the first edition on wards show outbuildings on nos. 67 or 68, but there is a very small outbuilding at the south boundary and east corner of no. 66, suggesting the possibility of former small outbuildings at the corners of the houses. On the east section of wall, there was some very fine cut stone cornicing. There was a rectilinear aperture in the wall on the east end which may have been a drain.




Judith Carroll & Co Ltd
Archaeological Consultants
Ballybrack Road 
Dublin 18 

Tel: 01 6705067
Mobile: 087-9968819/ 087-3810933
Email: info@judithcarrollandco.ie
Website: www.judithcarrollandco.ie

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